欢迎光临
梦想从学习开始!

Docker 安装 Tomcat | 小熊教程

Docker 安装 Tomcat

Tips:您正在学习的是Docker 安装 Tomcat | 小熊教程系列。本文链接https://www.xxfxb.com/?p=7523 ,您可通过标签查询系列课程。祝您学习愉快!

方法一、docker pull tomcat

Tips:您正在学习的是Docker 安装 Tomcat | 小熊教程系列。本文链接https://www.xxfxb.com/?p=7523 ,您可通过标签查询系列课程。祝您学习愉快!

查找 Docker Hub 上的 Tomcat 镜像:

可以通过 Sort by 查看其他版本的 tomcat,默认是最新版本 tomcat:latest

此外,我们还可以用 docker search tomcat 命令来查看可用版本:

 runoob@runoob:~/tomcat$ docker search tomcat NAME                       DESCRIPTION                                     STARS     OFFICIAL   AUTOMATED tomcat                     Apache Tomcat is an open source implementa...   744       [OK]        dordoka/tomcat             Ubuntu 14.04, Oracle JDK 8 and Tomcat 8 ba...   19                   [OK] consol/tomcat-7.0          Tomcat 7.0.57, 8080, "admin/admin"              16                   [OK] consol/tomcat-8.0          Tomcat 8.0.15, 8080, "admin/admin"              14                   [OK] cloudesire/tomcat          Tomcat server, 6/7/8                            8                    [OK] davidcaste/alpine-tomcat   Apache Tomcat 7/8 using Oracle Java 7/8 wi...   6                    [OK] andreptb/tomcat            Debian Jessie based image with Apache Tomc...   4                    [OK] kieker/tomcat                                                              2                    [OK] fbrx/tomcat                Minimal Tomcat image based on Alpine Linux      2                    [OK] jtech/tomcat               Latest Tomcat production distribution on l...   1                    [OK] 

这里我们拉取官方的镜像:

runoob@runoob:~/tomcat$ docker pull tomcat

等待下载完成后,我们就可以在本地镜像列表里查到 REPOSITORY 为 tomcat 的镜像。

 runoob@runoob:~/tomcat$ docker images|grep tomcat tomcat              latest              70f819d3d2d9        7 days ago          335.8 MB 

方法二、通过 Dockerfile 构建

Tips:您正在学习的是Docker 安装 Tomcat | 小熊教程系列。本文链接https://www.xxfxb.com/?p=7523 ,您可通过标签查询系列课程。祝您学习愉快!

创建Dockerfile

首先,创建目录tomcat,用于存放后面的相关东西。

runoob@runoob:~$ mkdir -p ~/tomcat/webapps ~/tomcat/logs ~/tomcat/conf

webapps 目录将映射为 tomcat 容器配置的应用程序目录。

logs 目录将映射为 tomcat 容器的日志目录。

conf 目录里的配置文件将映射为 tomcat 容器的配置文件。

进入创建的 tomcat 目录,创建 Dockerfile。

 FROM openjdk:8-jre  ENV CATALINA_HOME /usr/local/tomcat ENV PATH $CATALINA_HOME/bin:$PATH RUN mkdir -p "$CATALINA_HOME" WORKDIR $CATALINA_HOME  # let "Tomcat Native" live somewhere isolated ENV TOMCAT_NATIVE_LIBDIR $CATALINA_HOME/native-jni-lib ENV LD_LIBRARY_PATH ${LD_LIBRARY_PATH:+$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:}$TOMCAT_NATIVE_LIBDIR  # runtime dependencies for Tomcat Native Libraries # Tomcat Native 1.2+ requires a newer version of OpenSSL than debian:jessie has available # > checking OpenSSL library version >= 1.0.2... # > configure: error: Your version of OpenSSL is not compatible with this version of tcnative # see http://tomcat.10.x6.nabble.com/VOTE-Release-Apache-Tomcat-8-0-32-tp5046007p5046024.html (and following discussion) # and https://github.com/docker-library/tomcat/pull/31 ENV OPENSSL_VERSION 1.1.0f-3+deb9u2 RUN set -ex; /     currentVersion="$(dpkg-query --show --showformat '${Version}/n' openssl)"; /     if dpkg --compare-versions "$currentVersion" '<<' "$OPENSSL_VERSION"; then /         if ! grep -q stretch /etc/apt/sources.list; then / # only add stretch if we're not already building from within stretch             { /                 echo 'deb http://deb.debian.org/debian stretch main'; /                 echo 'deb http://security.debian.org stretch/updates main'; /                 echo 'deb http://deb.debian.org/debian stretch-updates main'; /             } > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/stretch.list; /             { / # add a negative "Pin-Priority" so that we never ever get packages from stretch unless we explicitly request them                 echo 'Package: *'; /                 echo 'Pin: release n=stretch*'; /                 echo 'Pin-Priority: -10'; /                 echo; / # ... except OpenSSL, which is the reason we're here                 echo 'Package: openssl libssl*'; /                 echo "Pin: version $OPENSSL_VERSION"; /                 echo 'Pin-Priority: 990'; /             } > /etc/apt/preferences.d/stretch-openssl; /         fi; /         apt-get update; /         apt-get install -y --no-install-recommends openssl="$OPENSSL_VERSION"; /         rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/*; /     fi  RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y --no-install-recommends /         libapr1 /     && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/*  # see https://www.apache.org/dist/tomcat/tomcat-$TOMCAT_MAJOR/KEYS # see also "update.sh" (https://github.com/docker-library/tomcat/blob/master/update.sh) ENV GPG_KEYS 05AB33110949707C93A279E3D3EFE6B686867BA6 07E48665A34DCAFAE522E5E6266191C37C037D42 47309207D818FFD8DCD3F83F1931D684307A10A5 541FBE7D8F78B25E055DDEE13C370389288584E7 61B832AC2F1C5A90F0F9B00A1C506407564C17A3 713DA88BE50911535FE716F5208B0AB1D63011C7 79F7026C690BAA50B92CD8B66A3AD3F4F22C4FED 9BA44C2621385CB966EBA586F72C284D731FABEE A27677289986DB50844682F8ACB77FC2E86E29AC A9C5DF4D22E99998D9875A5110C01C5A2F6059E7 DCFD35E0BF8CA7344752DE8B6FB21E8933C60243 F3A04C595DB5B6A5F1ECA43E3B7BBB100D811BBE F7DA48BB64BCB84ECBA7EE6935CD23C10D498E23  ENV TOMCAT_MAJOR 8 ENV TOMCAT_VERSION 8.5.32 ENV TOMCAT_SHA512 fc010f4643cb9996cad3812594190564d0a30be717f659110211414faf8063c61fad1f18134154084ad3ddfbbbdb352fa6686a28fbb6402d3207d4e0a88fa9ce  ENV TOMCAT_TGZ_URLS / # https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/INFRA-8753?focusedCommentId=14735394#comment-14735394     https://www.apache.org/dyn/closer.cgi?action=download&filename=tomcat/tomcat-$TOMCAT_MAJOR/v$TOMCAT_VERSION/bin/apache-tomcat-$TOMCAT_VERSION.tar.gz / # if the version is outdated, we might have to pull from the dist/archive :/     https://www-us.apache.org/dist/tomcat/tomcat-$TOMCAT_MAJOR/v$TOMCAT_VERSION/bin/apache-tomcat-$TOMCAT_VERSION.tar.gz /     https://www.apache.org/dist/tomcat/tomcat-$TOMCAT_MAJOR/v$TOMCAT_VERSION/bin/apache-tomcat-$TOMCAT_VERSION.tar.gz /     https://archive.apache.org/dist/tomcat/tomcat-$TOMCAT_MAJOR/v$TOMCAT_VERSION/bin/apache-tomcat-$TOMCAT_VERSION.tar.gz  ENV TOMCAT_ASC_URLS /     https://www.apache.org/dyn/closer.cgi?action=download&filename=tomcat/tomcat-$TOMCAT_MAJOR/v$TOMCAT_VERSION/bin/apache-tomcat-$TOMCAT_VERSION.tar.gz.asc / # not all the mirrors actually carry the .asc files :'(     https://www-us.apache.org/dist/tomcat/tomcat-$TOMCAT_MAJOR/v$TOMCAT_VERSION/bin/apache-tomcat-$TOMCAT_VERSION.tar.gz.asc /     https://www.apache.org/dist/tomcat/tomcat-$TOMCAT_MAJOR/v$TOMCAT_VERSION/bin/apache-tomcat-$TOMCAT_VERSION.tar.gz.asc /     https://archive.apache.org/dist/tomcat/tomcat-$TOMCAT_MAJOR/v$TOMCAT_VERSION/bin/apache-tomcat-$TOMCAT_VERSION.tar.gz.asc  RUN set -eux; /     /     savedAptMark="$(apt-mark showmanual)"; /     apt-get update; /     /     apt-get install -y --no-install-recommends gnupg dirmngr; /     /     export GNUPGHOME="$(mktemp -d)"; /     for key in $GPG_KEYS; do /         gpg --keyserver ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-keys "$key"; /     done; /     /     apt-get install -y --no-install-recommends wget ca-certificates; /     /     success=; /     for url in $TOMCAT_TGZ_URLS; do /         if wget -O tomcat.tar.gz "$url"; then /             success=1; /             break; /         fi; /     done; /     [ -n "$success" ]; /     /     echo "$TOMCAT_SHA512 *tomcat.tar.gz" | sha512sum -c -; /     /     success=; /     for url in $TOMCAT_ASC_URLS; do /         if wget -O tomcat.tar.gz.asc "$url"; then /             success=1; /             break; /         fi; /     done; /     [ -n "$success" ]; /     /     gpg --batch --verify tomcat.tar.gz.asc tomcat.tar.gz; /     tar -xvf tomcat.tar.gz --strip-components=1; /     rm bin/*.bat; /     rm tomcat.tar.gz*; /     rm -rf "$GNUPGHOME"; /     /     nativeBuildDir="$(mktemp -d)"; /     tar -xvf bin/tomcat-native.tar.gz -C "$nativeBuildDir" --strip-components=1; /     apt-get install -y --no-install-recommends /         dpkg-dev /         gcc /         libapr1-dev /         libssl-dev /         make /         "openjdk-${JAVA_VERSION%%[.~bu-]*}-jdk=$JAVA_DEBIAN_VERSION" /     ; /     ( /         export CATALINA_HOME="$PWD"; /         cd "$nativeBuildDir/native"; /         gnuArch="$(dpkg-architecture --query DEB_BUILD_GNU_TYPE)"; /         ./configure /             --build="$gnuArch" /             --libdir="$TOMCAT_NATIVE_LIBDIR" /             --prefix="$CATALINA_HOME" /             --with-apr="$(which apr-1-config)" /             --with-java-home="$(docker-java-home)" /             --with-ssl=yes; /         make -j "$(nproc)"; /         make install; /     ); /     rm -rf "$nativeBuildDir"; /     rm bin/tomcat-native.tar.gz; /     / # reset apt-mark's "manual" list so that "purge --auto-remove" will remove all build dependencies     apt-mark auto '.*' > /dev/null; /     [ -z "$savedAptMark" ] || apt-mark manual $savedAptMark; /     apt-get purge -y --auto-remove -o APT::AutoRemove::RecommendsImportant=false; /     rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/*; /     / # sh removes env vars it doesn't support (ones with periods) # https://github.com/docker-library/tomcat/issues/77     find ./bin/ -name '*.sh' -exec sed -ri 's|^#!/bin/sh$|#!/usr/bin/env bash|' '{}' +  # verify Tomcat Native is working properly RUN set -e /     && nativeLines="$(catalina.sh configtest 2>&1)" /     && nativeLines="$(echo "$nativeLines" | grep 'Apache Tomcat Native')" /     && nativeLines="$(echo "$nativeLines" | sort -u)" /     && if ! echo "$nativeLines" | grep 'INFO: Loaded APR based Apache Tomcat Native library' >&2; then /         echo >&2 "$nativeLines"; /         exit 1; /     fi  EXPOSE 8080 CMD ["catalina.sh", "run"] 

通过 Dockerfile 创建一个镜像,替换成你自己的名字:

runoob@runoob:~/tomcat$ docker build -t tomcat .

创建完成后,我们可以在本地的镜像列表里查找到刚刚创建的镜像:

 runoob@runoob:~/tomcat$ docker images|grep tomcat tomcat              latest              70f819d3d2d9        7 days ago          335.8 MB 

使用 tomcat 镜像

运行容器

Tips:您正在学习的是Docker 安装 Tomcat | 小熊教程系列。本文链接https://www.xxfxb.com/?p=7523 ,您可通过标签查询系列课程。祝您学习愉快!

 runoob@runoob:~/tomcat$ docker run --name tomcat -p 8080:8080 -v $PWD/test:/usr/local/tomcat/webapps/test -d tomcat   acb33fcb4beb8d7f1ebace6f50f5fc204b1dbe9d524881267aa715c61cf75320 runoob@runoob:~/tomcat$ 

命令说明:

-p 8080:8080:将容器的 8080 端口映射到主机的 8080 端口。

-v $PWD/test:/usr/local/tomcat/webapps/test:将主机中当前目录下的 test 挂载到容器的 /test。

查看容器启动情况

 runoob@runoob:~/tomcat$ docker ps  CONTAINER ID    IMAGE     COMMAND               ... PORTS                    NAMES acb33fcb4beb    tomcat    "catalina.sh run"     ... 0.0.0.0:8080->8080/tcp   tomcat 

通过浏览器访问

赞(0) 打赏
未经允许不得转载:小熊分享邦 » Docker 安装 Tomcat | 小熊教程

评论 抢沙发

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 邮箱 (必填)
  • 网址

觉得文章有用就打赏一下文章作者

支付宝扫一扫打赏

微信扫一扫打赏